The Importance of Resistance Training and Aging Adults
The process of aging has dramatic metabolic effects due to the decrease in physical activity and therefore a reduction in muscle mass. Reduction in muscle mass is associated with a prevalence of obesity, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes and hypertension which are all risk factors for cardiovascular disease. It is important to remember that resistance training prevents the decline in skeletal muscle mass. From the fifth decade and on of an individual’s life, they will lose around 0.5kg of muscle each year. Resistance training has positive effects on bone density, osteoarthritic symptoms, hypertension and lipid profiles. Studies have begun to demonstrate that resistance training reduces total body fat mass in both men and women regardless of dietary caloric restrictions which then imagine the progress that can be made with both caloric restrictions and resistance training. Importantly, resistance training leads to a decrease in visceral adipose tissue which is directly linked to the development of hyperlipidemia, hypertension, insulin resistance, diabetes and heart disease.
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